In Essence

The Debtor's Countryman, in The Nation (Sept. 4,
Dilemma 1976), 333 Sixth Ave., New York, N.Y.
The Federal Bankruptcy Act falls far short of giving the debtor the
"fresh start" the Supreme Court said was one of the law's primary
purposes, writes Countryman, professor of law at Harvard. It's like
"applying a Band-Aid to a gaping wound."
Originally passed Congress in 1898, the Act was last revised sig-
nificantly in 1938 and still reflects the attitudes and...

Thomas E. Patterson and Rob- Elections ert D. McClure, in Psychology Today (July1976), P.O. Box 2990, Boulder, Colo. 80302.
Patterson and McClure puncture some fashionable assumptions about television's influence in American elections. The authors, both political scientists at Syracuse University, analyzed every televised political commercial and network weekday evening newscast during the 1972 Nixon-McGovern contest. They also interviewed more than 600 voters -at the start, midway, and end of...

Had-Rethinking the ley Arkes, in Commentary (May 1976), 'Inevitable" 165 E. 56th st., New York, N.Y. 10022.
Opening the governments of Italy and France to indigenous Communist participation would seem to be an idea "whose time has come." Yet what is the commitment of those parties to the principles of parlia- mentary democracy? Arkes, a professor of political science at Amherst, says the evidence indicates that their commitment is "rooted in noth- ing more substantial than a...