In Essence

"A Party Jack Barbash, in Challenge (MayJune
Known as COPE" 1976), 901 N. Broadway, White Plains,
N.Y. 10603.
An American labor party could have emerged from the mass unionism of the 1930s but it did not happen-and it's not going to happen. Barbash, a University of Wisconsin economist, traces early American unionism from its anti-industrial and anti-capitalist origins to the New Deal era, when labor leaders like the coal miners' John L. Lewis turned their backs on class theory and embarked...

'Learning About Crime-The JapaneseSocial Exclusion Exnerience" bv David H.Bavley, in The In Crime Control public ~nterest(Summer 1976), 10 E.
53rd St., New York, N.Y. 10022.
In affluent, urbanized Japan, the crime rate has declined to a 25-year low, and the downward trend continues. Comparable statistics indicate there are four times as many serious crimes per capita in the United States as there are crimes (of any sort) in Japan. Even drug-related crimes, once a serious Japanese problem,...

Eugene C. Kennedy, in America Human Emerience (Mar. 27, 1976), 106 W. 56th St.,
L
New York, N.Y. 10019.
Kennedy, a Catholic priest and psychologist, argues that the old au- thoritarian Catholic culture is dying and that today's priest must find the meaning of his ministry from within human experience. "A well-developed personal identity is indispensable to effective pastoral min- istry," Kennedy writes, yet many priests continue to think of them- selves "in the third person,"...

child-rearing-a constraint felt men as well as women. (Of women surveyed who had children at home, 5.3 percent had run for local public office, as against 26.1 percent with no children at home who had done so. For men it was 21.5 percent as against 38.9 percent.) Lee found women also shy away from seeking office because they see it as an inappro- priate form of political activity (as distinct from helping others win election), because they feel others (both men and women) would dis- approve, and...

'Learning About Crime-The JapaneseSocial Exclusion Exnerience" bv David H.Bavley, in The In Crime Control public ~nterest(Summer 1976), 10 E.
53rd St., New York, N.Y. 10022.
In affluent, urbanized Japan, the crime rate has declined to a 25-year low, and the downward trend continues. Comparable statistics indicate there are four times as many serious crimes per capita in the United States as there are crimes (of any sort) in Japan. Even drug-related crimes, once a serious Japanese problem,...

means of spontaneous abortion. To Haring, it seems "shocking" that rhythm, recently endorsed again the Church, should in application produce a vast number of zygotes (fertilized eggs not yet implanted in the wall of the womb) lacking the vitality for survival.
Interruption of the life process between fertilization and implanta- tion, he says, lacks the "gravity or malice" that attends abortion of an individualized embryo. But Haring concludes that the new medical evidence (already...

Rob-Bad-mouthing the ert Samuelson. in The New Republic (May 15, 1976), 1220 19th St., hash-Bureaucracy ington, D.C.20036.
Samuelson, a Washington writer for the Financial Times of London, challenges the revived election-year notions that the federal bureau- cracy has grown enormously in the past decade; that federal workers are grossly overpaid; that the government could be more effective and less costly if it were reorganized. In fact, Samuelson notes, federal civilian employment has grown about...

Benigno E. Aguirre, in
Latin American Research Review (no. 1, 1976), 316 Hamilton Hall, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C. 27514.
Between 1959 and 1972, the United States received almost half a million Cuban immigrants-almost all of them white. In this study, Aguirre, doctoral candidate in sociology at Ohio University, assays the political and social forces that have discouraged emigration of blacks, who comprise over a quarter of Cuba's population but in 1970 made up only 2.6 percent...

"Mao Tse-Tung's Leadership Style" byMao's Unity Lucian W. Pye, in Political Science Quay- terly (Summer 1976), Academy of Polit- Of Opposites ical Science, 2852 Broadway, New York,
N.Y. 10025.
"all standards, Mao Tse-tung belongs in the company of the few great political men of our century," writes Lucian Pye, a China scholar at MIT. In this psychological profile, Pye attributes Mao's greatness to "his extraordinary ability to understand, evoke, and direct human emotions....

Rob-Bad-mouthing the ert Samuelson. in The New Republic (May 15, 1976), 1220 19th St., hash-Bureaucracy ington, D.C.20036.
Samuelson, a Washington writer for the Financial Times of London, challenges the revived election-year notions that the federal bureau- cracy has grown enormously in the past decade; that federal workers are grossly overpaid; that the government could be more effective and less costly if it were reorganized. In fact, Samuelson notes, federal civilian employment has grown about...

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