How the World Views America

Table of Contents

In Essence

"What Happened to Sex Scandals? Politics and Peccadilloes, Jefferson to Kennedy" John H. Summers, in The Journal of American History (Dec. 2000), 1215 E. Atwater Ave., Bloomington, Ind. 47401–3703. At the 1912 Democratic National Convention, which nominated New Jersey governor Woodrow Wilson for president, there were whispers about Wilson’s close friendship with a woman not his wife. He worried about possible public scandal, but none occurred. The country by then, writes Summers, a doctor...



The Periodical Observer

strengthen the federal government. Duer, working in secret with others, borrowed heavily in an effort to corner the markets in

"Thomistic Natural Law as Darwinian Natural Right" Larry Arnhart, in Social Philosophy & Policy (Winter 2001), Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green State Univ., Bowling Green, Ohio 43403. In his controversial works Sociobiology (1975) and Consilience (1998), Edward O. Wilson argued that ethics is rooted in human biology: the deepest intuitions of right and wrong are guided by the brain’s emotional control centers, which evolved through natural selection to help the human...

"Eric Hoffer Revisited" Stephen Miller, in The Republic of Letters (2000: No. 9), www.bu.edu/trl. A self-educated longshoreman who loved Montaigne, Eric Hoffer (1902–83) was already a well-known author when he appeared on national television in 1967. But his one-hour conversation with CBS commentator Eric Severeid made him a star: "the lowbrow’s highbrow," as one friendly reviewer put it. Today, though, Hoffer is little remembered and less read—and that’s a shame, says Miller, author of t...

"The Intellectual Appeal of the Reformation" David C. Steinmetz, in Theology Today (Jan. 2001), P.O. Box 29, Princeton, N.J. 08542. In looking back at the early Protestant Reformation, observes Steinmetz, a professor of the history of Christianity at Duke University Divinity School, it’s easy to overlook an essential truth: its Catholic character. Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other early reformers "were not Protestants" in the way that later ones would be. "In the nature of the case, they c...



The Reluctant Sectarians

"The Intellectual Appeal of the Reformation" by David C. Steinmetz, in Theology Today (Jan. 2001), P.O. Box 29, Princeton, N.J. 08542.


cules that "could prove invaluable in discovering new drugs or diagnosing disease."

Matt Cartmill, in The Key Reporter (Autumn 2000), Phi Beta Kappa Society, 1785 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Fourth Floor, Washington, D.C. 20036. Is consciousness unique to humans, or do other animals also possess it? Scientists-who arc generally reluctant to deal with so subjective a thing as consciousness-are divided on the question. But Cartmill, a professor of biolog- ical anthropology and anatomy at Duke University Medical Center, thinks that the form of unconsciousness known as sleep offers s...

Matt Cartmill, in The Key Reporter (Autumn 2000), Phi Beta Kappa Society, 1785 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Fourth Floor, Washington, D.C. 20036. Is consciousness unique to humans, or do other animals also possess it? Scientists-who arc generally reluctant to deal with so subjective a thing as consciousness-are divided on the question. But Cartmill, a professor of biolog- ical anthropology and anatomy at Duke University Medical Center, thinks that the form of unconsciousness known as sleep offers s...

their very nature, contain novels; yet novels can contain history' and philosophy. We need not quarrel about which genre is supe- rior; all are essential to huii1an striving. But somehow it is enchanting to think that the magic sack of make-believe, if one wills it so, can always be fuller and fatter than anything the historians and philosophers can supply. Make-believe, with its useless- ness and triviality, with all its falseness, is nevertheless freqz~ei~tl)praised for telling the truth via...

"China, the West, and World History in Joseph Needham’s Science and Civilisation in China" Robert Finlay, in Journal of World History (Fall 2000), Univ. of Hawaii Press, 2840 Kolowalu St., Honolulu, Hawaii 96822. Thanks to British scholar Joseph Needham’s monumental Science and Civilisation in China (1954–98), westerners have a whole new appreciation of China’s richly inventive past. Especially compelling was his account of 15thcentury Chinese expeditions to Southeast Asia and, through...

David A. Shirk, in Journal of Democracy (Oct. 2000). 1101 15th St.,N.W., Ste. 802, Washington, D.C. 20005. Mexico's new president, Vicente Fox, ended decades of rule the Institutional Revolutionary Party (I'RI) when he took office last December. The country is enter- ing a new era-and many fear that Fox's National Action Party (PAN) is, at bottom, a reactionary party. It isn't, contends political scientist Shirk, a former visiting fellow at the Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, at the University o...

Book Reviews

DUTY FAITPIFULLY PERFORMED: Robert 1:. Lee and His Critics. By John M. Taylor. Brassey's. 268 pp. $18.95 THE MAKING OF ROBERT 1:. LEE. By Michael Fellman. Random House. 360 pp. $29.95

DEEP IN OUR HEARTS: Nine White Wmen i~f the Freedom Movement. By Constance Curry, Joan C. Browning, Dorothy Dawson J3urlage, Penny Patch, Theresa Del Pozzo, Sue Thrasher, Elaine DeLott Baker, Emrnie ~chrader Adarns, and Casey Hayden. Univ. of Georgia Press. 400 pp. $29.95 FREEDOM'S DAUGHTERS: The Unsung Heroines ofthe Civil Rights Movement from 1830 to 1970.

READING LYRICS. Edited by Rovert Gottlieb and Robert Kimball. Pantheon. 706 pp. $39.50

By Alexis de TocquevilIe; transl. Ly Harvey C. Mansfield and DeILa Wintlnq. Univ. of Chicago Press. 722 pp. $35

Essays

To the French, the winner of the American presidential election in 2000 was Bill Clinton. Political commentators...

Denis Lacorne

In a recent survey of Chinese attitudes toward America, the respondents--a cross-section of Chinese society--were...

Wang Jisi

Fifteen years ago, as I was setting off to visit the United States for my first extended stay, a knowledgeable...

Peter Schneider

When Russia began emerging from decades of international isolation and confrontation with the West in the years...

Yuri Levada

Did the popular belief that the CIA was involved in the Kennedy assassination grow from a seed planted by the Soviet KGB?

Max Holland

Human beings can´t help but ask the big philosophical questions, even if they know that the answers will come up short.

Mark Kingwell

A scholarly effort to tally the human cost of communism around the world has stirred enormous controversy. One of its authors explains why.

Andrzej Paczkowski

Twenty-five years ago, Illinois scientist Carl Woese identified an entirely new form of life. His discovery upended the traditional notion that all living things on Earth fall into five kingdoms andchallenged our understanding of evolution and the origin of life. All he had to do was persuade his fellow scientists.

David W. Wolfe

Browse Our Issues